This plant-derived technology is considered by Bill Gates as the answer to the clean energy problem

Photosynthesis is a very important process of nucleation, which is responsible for providing life for not only plants, but all living things on earth – including our humans. When plants convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates, they nourish themselves and release oxygen to the air to help us breathe.

But if we “steal” nature’s book and find our own way to use the sun to produce hydrogen for fuel? “If it can be done, it is like the miracle of life, “Bill Gates told Reuters.” Because with liquid, the battery does not have the problem of condensation after a period of not using it. . You can store it in a large container and burn it whenever you want

Artificial photosynthesis is expected to be able to split water in the sea, or even in rivers, into elements such as hydrogen, oxygen and carbon through sunlight. Hydrogen produced by the Artificial Photosynthesis process is now used as a fuel cell for electric vehicles, and it is also applied to store solar energy. Liquid fuels like hydrogen have many advantages over conventional batteries, because they are both light and less bulky.

Combining the elements obtained by Artificial Photosynthesis with a certain amount will produce methanol, the substance used to fuel the combustion engine. China is home to the world’s largest methanol consumer, which mixes it with gasoline at 15% or less at gas stations to sell to conventional vehicles, and that number could reach 85% for minivan.

A variant of the Artificial Photosynthesis process is also used to create bacteria from nitro by metabolism, to form fertilizer within the ground – a technique that can increase harvests in many places where No need for regular fertilizer. Later, these bacteria will “absorb” hydrogen provided by the Artificial Photosynthesis process to produce a variety of products, including medicines, fertilizers, fuels and even plastics, the results of which is based on recombinant DNA technology of bacteria.

The biggest difficulty of Artificial Photosynthesis is that the natural process (root) does not bring high efficiency. Plants only convert about 1% of carbon and water into carbohydrates. This number has been multiplied tenfold in the lab, but researchers at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia have reached the 22% mark.

Meanwhile, Bill Gates, who has always supported the development of new technologies in general and Artificial Photosynthesis in particular – has established the Energy Breakthrough Alliance, a global organization of investors who want to contribute. into government-funded research projects related to clean energy. He sees the development of new types of energy as artificial photosynthesis as an essential, and hopefully in the future there will be many new inventions that bring about positive changes like this too. “We need to prove to the world that these alternatives can be very economically beneficial,” he told Big Think.

According to Futurism